In the cardiology domain an echocardiogram is generally referred to as a cardiac ECHO or just ECHO. Echocardiogram is an ultrasound test of the heart. This is not to be confused with the ECG or the electrocardiogram which is another cardiac test that measures the electrical activity of the heart. The echocardiogram is one of the investigations that are widely used to determine cardiovascular conditions. This test can offer a load of very valuable information regarding the shape of the heart, information about any damage to tissues and also the capacity of the heart to pump blood, detecting irregularity in pattern of the flow of blood. Heart valves diseases are also determined using an ECHO. The greatest benefit of this form of testing is that it is not non-invasive, nor does it have any side effects or any underlying dangers to life.