Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure commonly used to identify and take care of cardiac conditions. During catheterization, miniature tubes known as catheters are placed into the circulatory system under the supervision of x-rays so as to get hold of facts and figures regarding the course of blood as well as forces inside the heart and to establish if there are impediments within the coronary arteries that nourish the heart muscle.
It may not be out of place to mention here that impediments of the arteries are produced by an increase of bulky wax-like coating on the inner walls of the coronary arteries which when relentless can initiate an assortment of symptoms such as:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
The treatment plan:
A catheterization may be suggested on an optional base if the symptoms are steady or on a critical basis if the symptoms are abrupt and the relevant cardiologist is alarmed that they may characterize a vigorous or an imminent heart attack. Based on the site and quantities of impediments, the management plan might embrace the employment of specific medicines and perhaps the position of a stent or recommendation for bypass surgery to perk up blood current to the heart muscle and assuage symptoms.
The catheters necessary for cardiac catheterization can be put in either into the femoral artery or into the radial artery. Since the latter is much minor and positioned nearer the surface of skin, hence not only the chances of internal bleeding are eradicated but any outer bleeding can be effortlessly compacted. Subsequent to the taking away of catheter from the radial artery, a compact appliance is positioned around the wrist to put force on the artery. Patients are able to sit up, walk and munch food straight away subsequent to radial artery catheterization.
The femoral technique may be chosen for patients in whom safeguarding of the radial artery is necessary for example those who need dialysis fistulas or have need of the radial artery for bypass surgery.